a well known architect is designing our new office

A well-known architect is designing our new office. The passive form of the above sentence is our new office……….by a well-known architect.

A. Designed
B. Is Designed
C. Is being Designed
D. Designs
E. Be Designing

2. The stewardess is now serving coffee to the passengers. The passive form of the above sentence is………….

A. The passengers are now served coffee.
B. Coffee is now served to the passengers.
C. The passengers are serving are serving coffee now.
D. Coffee is now being served to the passengers.
E. Coffee is now served by the passengers.

3. They think he is wealthy. The passive form of the above sentence is…..

A. He is thought a wealthy man
B. They are thought he is a wealthy man.
C. He is thought to be a wealthy man.
D. He is thought being a wealthy man
E. They are considered a wealthy man.

4. Every body believed that Gods brought them happiness.
We can also say:________________

A. The gods were belived to have brought them happiness.
B. It is believed that the gods brought them happiness.
C. It was belived that the Gods have brought them happiness.
D. The Gods were belived to bring them happiness.
E. That The Gods brought them happiness were believed by everybody.

jawaban

  1. (C) Is being Designed.
  2. (D) Coffee is now being served to the passengers.
  3. (C) He is thought to be a wealthy man.
  4. (A) Gods were believed to have brought them happiness.

Simak penjelasan berikut.

 

Pembahasan

Changing from Active to Passive Voice

Berikut adalah struktur perubahan dari active ke passive voice untuk semua tenses. Perhatikan bahwa bentuk dasar semua tenses yang diubah ke Passive Voice adalah BE + V3.

————— ACTIVE —————> PASSIVE

Baca Juga  hey siti go star gazing tonight

PRESENT 

  • I paint the wall —–> The wall is painted by me
  • am painting the wall —–> The wall is being painted by me
  • have painted the wall —–> The wall has been painted by me
  • have been painting the wall —–> The wall has been being  painted by me

PAST  

  • A thief stole my wallet —–> My wallet was stolen by a thief
  • A thief was stealing my wallet —–> My wallet was being stolen by a thief
  • A thief had stolen my wallet —–> My wallet had been stolen by a thief
  • The police had been watching a fugitive —–> A fugitive had been being watched by the police.

FUTURE

  • He will drive the car —–> The car will be driven by him
  • He will be driving the car —–> The car will be being driven by him
  • He will have driven the car —–> The car will have been driven by him
  • He will have been driving the car —–> The car will have been being driven by him

MODAL  

  • They must keep the secret —–> The secret must be kept by them
  • They can keep the secret —–> The secret can be kept by them
  • They may keep the secret —–> The secret may be kept by them
  • They shall keep the secret —–> The secret shall be kept by them
  • They should keep the secret —–> The secret should be kept by them

Ingat!! Pelaku atau subjek dari kalimat pasif bisa dihilangkan.

Contoh:

  • Someone stole my wallet — > My wallet was stolen

Penjelasan Soal

  1. A well-known architect is designing our new office. Kalimat tersebut merupakan kalimat ‘present continuous tense’. Maka, bentuk passive dari present continuous yang tepat adalah mengubah kata is designing adalah menjadi is being designed.
  2. The stewardess is now serving coffee to the passengers. Pada kalimat ini, now sebagai keterangan waktu diletakkan di tengah predikat is serving yang merupakan bentuk kata kerja dari present continuous. Maka, bentuk passive dari present continuous yang tepat adalah Coffee is now being served to the passengers.
  3. They think he is wealthy. Subyek ‘they’ merupakan subyek yang tidak dikenal atau tidak diketahui secara jelas sehingga dapat dihilangkan saat mengubahnya menjadi kalimat pasif. Bentuk passive yang tepat untuk kalimat tersebut adalah He is thought to be a wealthy man.
  4. Every body believed that Gods brought them happiness. ‘Every body’ sebagai subyek yang tidak diketahui secara jelas dapat dihilangkan saat mengubahnya menjadi kalimat passive. Bentuk passive yang tepat adalah Gods were believed to have brought them happiness.

CATATAN

Baca Juga  When did the event happen?

Untuk mengubah kalimat aktif yang menggunakan sense verb (verbs of perception) seperti ‘think’ dan ‘believe’, maka setelah bentuk verb passive-nya selalu diikuti kata ‘to’.